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Savannah River National Lab

About Savannah River National Laboratory

The Savannah River National Laboratory has over 50 years of experience and expertise in delivering, storing and manipulating hydrogen for the security of the nation. Over that time, the SRNL has developed critical capabilities such as expertise and test bed in reversible fuel cells, hydrogen storage materials manufacturing and prototype testing, hydrogen delivery, catalysts and both hydrogen and hydrogen contaminate sensing.

Capabilities

Related Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies:

  • 5-kW reversible PEM fuel cell testing and demonstration system including support for and large-scale testing of advanced solid state hydrogen storage
  • Performance testing of high-pressure metallic and polymeric pipeline materials
  • Solar thermochemical production of hydrogen through a higher temperature hybrid sulfur process
  • Codification of hydrogen pipeline materials
  • non-PGM catalysts and high surface area, high activity support structures
  • Modeling, development and testing of advanced optical hydrogen sensors
  • Development and testing of hydrogen contaminant sensors including exposure stations to deliver controlled amounts (i.e., < ppb/v) of contaminants in hydrogen
  • Design & Engineering of Solid-State Hydrogen Storage Systems (Lead of the DOE Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence

Facilities

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has over 45 years of hydrogen storage experience; more than 80 scientists and engineers and a $20 million annual budget are dedicated to hydrogen and tritium defense missions. Over 50 percent of its more than 750 technical employees have advanced degrees—the majority in chemistry, engineering, and material science. SRNL has high-pressure hydrogen systems as well as spectroscopic laboratories. SRNL’s relevant analytical capabilities for hydrogen studies, including ICP-ES,FT-IR, and Raman spectrometers, and DSC instruments, are staffedby research-level professionals. SRNL also maintains TEM, SEMand x-ray diffraction (XRD) instrumentation for expert and detailed analysis of materials. TVA and TGA analyzers are available to measure hydrogen uptake and release at a wide range of temperature and pressures. Four "dry-boxes" are designed for synthesis and characterization of air-sensitive compounds. The SRNL has a unique H2 sensors program which has focused on testing and development of mass spectrometric and spectroscopic sensors for detection of trace gas impurities in H2. Those capabilities include cavity-ring down spectroscopy, photoacoustic spectroscopy, long-path gas cell FTIR, multipass fiber-optic Raman spectroscopy, GC-Discharge Ionization Detection, high resolution FT-ICR-MS and magnetic sector MS inlcuding NIST-traceable permeation tube complex mixture generators to accurately deliver quantities of impurity stream for R&D. SRNL has the capability for electrochemical characterization of materials through a bank of research-grade, computer-controlled electrochemical instruments, including rotating ring disk electrodes, bi-potentiostats, high current potentiostats, frequency response analyzers, and lock-in amplifiers.

Photo of four gentleman standing behind glass showing off fuel cell technology in a laboratory.
Photo of a diagram of the impurity mixture generator and it map out how the generator works with the different components of the generator.
Photo of  how the vessel wall and heating/cooling tube works within the hydrogen and fuel cell system.