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Argonne National Lab

About Argonne National Laboratory

At Argonne National Laboratory, world-class scientists and engineers work alongside experts from industry and academia to address vital national challenges in clean energy, the environment, health, and national security. Energy efficiency programs include the development of higher-performance batteries, fuel cells, advanced vehicle engines, alternative fuels, smart electrical grids, and more efficient manufacturing and industrial technologies. Argonne has 3,350 total employees, a yearly budget of $722 million, and hosts more than 6,500 researchers every year at its six national User Facilities.

Capabilities

Argonne National Laboratory's goal is to accelerate the development and deployment of vehicle technologies that help reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse-gas emissions.

Advanced Batteries

  • A noted hub for energy storage research, Argonne has extensive capabilities for advancing advanced battery technology.
  • Argonne Collaborative Center for Energy Storage Science (ACCESS): Pulls together all of Argonne's battery capabilities under one virtual center. Materials discovery, materials scale-up engineering, prototyping and testing battery cells, and energy storage integration on the grid and in vehicles.

Vehicle Systems Testing & Analysis

  • Vehicle systems and powertrain component efficiency testing (battery support, system efficiency evaluations and major accessories efficiency, i.e., HVAC systems)
  • Powertrain architecture performance benchmarking
  • Thermal studies
  • Alternative fuels comparisons

Powertrain Controls Modeling and Simulation

  • Powertrain architecture design and evaluation
  • Optimization of powertrain control strategies

Electrified Vehicle Systems for EV Charging and V2G Communications

  • Evaluating communication techniques for reliable vehicle-to-grid connectivity
  • Interoperability verification and performance of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) Center

  • Evaluation of potential benefits from application of intelligent transportation systems
  • Testing CAVs sensor system resiliency and cybersecurity needs

Internal Combustion Engine Development

  • Evaluating technologies for improved fuel efficiency
  • Renewable and alternative fuels implementation
  • Engine particle emissions characterization and catalysis

Engine / Fuels Optimization

  • Enhanced engine combustion/ fuel system 3D CFD modeling [VERIFI]
  • Low temperature combustion system investigations
  • High-energy ignition systems development

Thermal Systems and Materials Applications

  • CFD airflow analysis
  • Innovative heat transfer methodologies for cooling engines or power electronics
  • Applications development for phase change materials

Facilities

  • Cell Analysis Modeling and Prototyping (CAMP) Facility: Battery cells designed, produced, fabricated and testing/post-analysis done.
  • Battery Post-Test Facility: Batteries disassembled and analysis conducted to determine failure modes.
  • Materials Engineering Research Facility (MERF): Capable of scaling up advanced battery materials from gram-quantity scale to kilogram-quantity scale. Advanced anode and cathode materials, electrolytes, and additives.
  • Advanced Powertrain Research Facility: Advanced powertrain testing on chassis dynamometer in environmental chamber (0F to 95F + 850 W/m2). Expertise in fuel/electric consumption, emissions, and performance measurements on vehicle-level and sub-systems.
  • Engine and Fuels Optimization Test Labs: Six engine dynamometer cells with gaseous fuel testing capabilities, and rapid compression machine for studying fuels properties. Examples: gaseous fuel injection systems; high thermal efficiency techniques; bottoming-cycle components development; ignition system research.
  • Cutting-edge Modeling and Simulation Software: Examples: AUTONOMIE—powertrain controls development, projecting new technologies' energy saving; GREET well-to–wheels GHG analysis; VERIFI advanced combustion modeling; and POLARIS transportation system modeling on a city/regional scale.
  • EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center. Examples: EV/EVSE-to-grid communication development and cybersecurity validation; wireless charging system performance; demand charging control systems development.
  • Thermal Systems and Materials Development Center. Thermal testing facilities for component-scale study of unique heat transfer methodologies and thermal phase-change materials.
  • Tribology Test Labs: Fourteen benchtop test rigs to quantify friction and wear performance of advanced lubricants and materials under condition prototypical of engines, drivelines, fuel systems, and compressors. State-of-the-art characterization facilities to quantify wear, nanomechanical properties, particle size distribution, and surface structure and chemistry.
Photo of a scientist fueling the Argonne National Laboratory research vehicle from a fueling station in the lab.
Photo of a lab with multiple machines, glovebox, and lab equipment at Argonne National Laboratory.